5.4. Масштаб

Рисунок 15.43. The «Zoom» submenu of the «View» menu

The «Zoom» submenu of the «View» menu

The Zoom submenu contains various commands which affect the magnification of the image in the image window (zooming). Enlarging an image (zooming in) is useful if you need to work with high precision, making pixel-level image modifications or precise selections. On the other hand, reducing an image (zooming out) is handy for getting an overall impression of the image and seeing the results of changes which affect the entire image. Please note that zooming is not undoable, since it does not affect the image data, only the way it is displayed.

[Подсказка] Подсказка

Besides the entries in this submenu, there is also a zoom pull-down menu at the bottom edge of the image window (if the status bar is displayed), where several preset zoom levels are available.

You can also make settings regarding zooming in the Navigation dialog. You can also use the Magnify tool which lets you zoom a particular area of the image.

5.4.1. Activate the Submenu

  • You can access this submenu from the image menubar through ViewZoom. Note that the «Zoom» label on the «View» menu shows the current zoom factor, for example, Zoom (100%).

5.4.2. Contents of the «Zoom» submenu

Различные команды подменю «Масштаб» описаны ниже с их начальными клавишами быстрого доступа, если есть.

Revert Zoom

(Shortcut: ` [grave accent,«backtick»]) This command will reset the zoom factor to the previous value, which is also shown by this label, for example Revert Zoom (100%). If you never changed the zoom factor of the active image, this entry is insensitive and grayed out.

Уменьшение масштаба

(Shortcut: -) Each time «Zoom Out» is used, the zoom factor is decreased by about 30%. There is a minimum zoom level of 0.39%.

Увеличение масштаба

(Shortcut: +) Each time «Zoom In» is used, the zoom factor is increased by about 30%. The maximum possible zoom level is 25600%.

[Примечание] Примечание

The keyboard shortcut for «Zoom In» has been somewhat controversial because this is a very common operation and on English keyboards, the Shift key must be pressed to use it. (This is not the case for European keyboards.) If you would like to have a different keyboard shortcut, you can create a dynamic shortcut for it; see the help section for User Interface Preferences for instructions.

Уместить по высоте окна

(Shortcut: Shift+Ctrl+E). This command zooms the image to be as large as possible, while still keeping it completely within the window. There will usually be padding on two sides of the image, but not on all four sides.

Уместить по высоте окна

Эта команда увеличивает масштаб изображение до максимальных размеров, чтобы не добавлять пустот по сторонам. Обычно две стороны касаются края окна, другие выходят за края.

A:B (X%)

With these commands, you can select one of the pre-set zoom levels. Each of the menu labels gives a ratio, as well as a percentage value. The 100% zoom level has a simple keyboard shortcut: 1.


Эта команда показывает диалог, позволяющий выбрать любой масштаб в диапазоне от 1:256 (0.39%) до 256:1 (25600%).

[Подсказка] Подсказка

Когда вы работаете при большом увеличении, можно использовать команду В новом окне. Это позволяет одновременно видеть, что происходит с изображением в обычном масштабе.