Capítulo 2. Ejecutando el GIMP

Tabla de contenidos

1. Lanzamiento del GIMP
1.1. Plataformas conocidas
1.2. Lenguaje
1.3. Argumentos de la línea de comandos
2. Starting GIMP the first time
2.1. Finally . . .

1. Lanzamiento del GIMP

Most often, you start GIMP either by clicking on an icon (if your system is set up to provide you with one), or by typing gimp on a command line. If you have multiple versions of GIMP installed, you may need to type gimp-2.6 to get the latest version. You can, if you want, give a list of image files on the command line after the program name, and they will automatically be opened by GIMP as it starts. It is also possible, though, to open files from within GIMP once it is running.

Most operating systems support file associations, which associates a class of files (as determined by their filename extension, such as .jpg) with a corresponding application (such as GIMP). When image files are properly associated to GIMP, you can double click on an image to open it in GIMP.

1.1. Plataformas conocidas

The GIMP is the most widely supported image manipulation available today. The platforms on which GIMP is known to work include:

GNU/Linux™, Apple Mac OS X™, Microsoft Windows™, OpenBSD™, NetBSD™, FreeBSD™, Solaris™, SunOS™, AIX™, HP-UX™, Tru64™, Digital UNIX™, OSF/1™, IRIX™, OS/2™, and BeOS™.

The GIMP is easily ported to other operating systems because of its source code availability. For further information visit the GIMP developers homepage. [GIMP-DEV].

1.2. Lenguaje

GIMP automatically detects and uses the system language. In the unlikely event that language detection fails, or if you just want to use a different language, you may do so:


In LINUX: in console mode, type LANGUAGE=en gimp or LANG=en gimp replacing en by fr, de, ... according to the language you want. Background: Using LANGUAGE=en sets an environment variable for the executed program gimp.

Windows XP

En Windows XP: Panel de control/Sistema/Avanzado/botón "Entorno"/ En el área "Variables del sistema": botón "Agregar": Ingresar LANG en Nombre y el código del lenguaje (es, fr, de, en, etc) en Valor. Advertencia: necesita clicar sucesivamente en tres "Aceptar" para validar la opción.

If you change languages often, you can create a batch file to change the language. Open NotePad. Type the following commands (for french for instance):

set lang=fr
start gimp-2.6.exe

Save this file as GIMP-FR.BAT (or another name, but always with a .BAT extension). Create a shortcut and drag it to your desktop.

Another possibility: StartProgramsGTK Runtime Environment Then Select language and select the language you want in the dropdown list.

Apple Mac OS X

From System Preferences, click on the International icon. In the Language tab, the desired language should be the first in the list.

Another GIMP instance

Use -n to run multiple instances GIMP. For example, use gimp-2.6 to start GIMP in the default system language, and LANGUAGE=en gimp-2.6 -n to start another instance of GIMP in English; this is very useful for translators.

1.3. Argumentos de la línea de comandos

Although arguments are not required when starting GIMP, the most common arguments are shown below. On a Unix system, you can use man gimpfor a complete list.

Command line arguments must be in the command line that you use to start GIMP as gimp-2.6 [OPTION...] [FILE|URI...].

-?, --help

Muestra un listado de todas las opciones de la línea de comandos.


Show all help options.


Show GTK+ Options.

-v, --version

Print the GIMP version and exit.


Show license information and exit.


Muestra mensajes detallados del inicio.

-n, --new-instance

Start a new GIMP instance.

-a, --as-new

Open images as new.

-i, --no-interface

Run without a user interface.

-d, --no-data

No carga patrones, gradientes, paletas, ni brochas. A menudo es útil cuando se quiere minimizar el tiempo de inicio, en situaciones de uso no interactivo.

-f, --no-fonts

Do not load any fonts. This is useful to load GIMP faster for scripts that do not use fonts, or to find problems related to malformed fonts that hang GIMP.

-s, --no-splash

No muestra la pantalla de inicio al lanzarse.


Do not use shared memory between GIMP and plugins.


Do not use special CPU acceleration functions. Useful for finding or disabling buggy accelerated hardware or functions.


Use a different sessionrc for this GIMP session. The given session name is appended to the default sessionrc filename.


Utiliza un archivo de configuración gimprc alternativo en lugar del que existe por omisión. El archivo gimprc contiene un registro de las preferencias. Es útil en los casos en que las rutas de los complementos (plug-ins) o las especificaciones del sistema pueden variar.


Use an alternate system gimprc file.

-b, --batch=commands

Execute the set of commands non-interactively. The set of commands is typically in the form of a script that can be executed by one of the GIMP scripting extensions. When the command is -, commands are read from standard input.


Specify the procedure to use to process batch commands. The default procedure is Script-Fu.


No aparecen diálogos informando de errores o advertencias. En cambio, se imprimen mensajes en la consola.


PDB compatibility mode (off|on|warn).


Debug in case of a crash (never|query|always).


Enable non-fatal debugging signal handlers. Useful for GIMP debugging.


Make all warnings fatal. Useful for debug.


Output a gimprc file with default settings. Useful if you messed up the gimprc file.


Usa la pantalla de X especificada (esta opción no se aplica al GIMP en Microsoft Windows)