4.4. Diálogo de plantillas

Figura 14.67. El diálogo de las plantillas

El diálogo de las plantillas

Las plantillas son modelos del formato de una imagen en la que puede ser creada. El GIMP ofrece muchas plantillas y se pueden crear más, propias. Cuando se crea una nueva imagen, se puede acceder a una lista de las plantillas existentes pero no se pueden gestionar. El diálogo Plantillas permite gestionar todas estas plantillas.

4.4.1. Activating the dialog

The Templates dialog is a dockable dialog; see the section Sección 2.3, “Diálogos empotrables” for help on manipulating it.

You can access it:

  • from the image menu: WindowsDockable DialogsTemplates.

  • from the Tab menu in any dockable dialog by clicking on and selecting Add TabTemplates.

4.4.2. Uso del diálogo de plantillas

Para seleccionar una plantilla pulse sobre su icono. Pulsar con el botón derecho hace aparecer un menú local con las mismas funciones que los botones. Grid/List modes

In the Tab menu for the Templates dialog, you can choose between View as Grid and View as List. In Grid mode, templates are laid out in a rectangular array of identical icons (unless you gave them a particular icon, as we will see later). Only the name of the selected template is displayed. In List mode, they are lined up vertically; icons are identical too; all names are displayed.

En este menú de solapa,la opción Tamaño de la vista previa permite cambiar el tamaño de los iconos.

[Sugerencia] Sugerencia

Ctrl+F in a list view opens a search field. See Ver como lista y ver como rejilla. Botones en la parte inferior

Los botones de la parte inferior del diálogo permiten operar sobre las plantillas de varias maneras:

Crear una imagen nueva desde la plantilla seleccionada

Clicking on this button opens the dialog Create a new image on the model of the selected template.

Crear una nueva plantilla

Pulsando sobre este botón se abre el diálogo Nueva plantilla idéntico al diálogo editar plantilla, que veremos más abajo.

Duplicar la plantilla seleccionada

Pulsando sobre este botón se abre el diálogo que vamos a estudiar ahora.

Editar la plantilla seleccionada

Pulsando sobre este botón se abre el diálogo Editar plantilla.

Borrar la plantilla seleccionada

Guess what?

[Sugerencia] Sugerencia

Every template is stored in a templaterc file at your personal GIMP directory. If you want to restore some deleted templates, you can copy or append template entries to your file from the master templaterc file at the etc/gimp/2.0 directory of the GIMP's system folder.

4.4.3. Edit Template

Figura 14.68. The Edit Template dialog

The Edit Template dialog

The dialog allows you to set the specifications of the selected template.

You can access to this editor by clicking on the Edit Template button at the bottom of the dialog.



In this text box, you can modify the displayed template name.


By clicking on this icon, you open a list of icons. You can choose one of them to illustrate the selected template name.

Image size

Here you set the width and height of the new image. The default units are pixels, but you can switch to some other unit if you prefer, using the adjoining menu. If you do, note that the resulting pixel size will be determined by the X and Y resolution (which you can change in the Advanced Options), and by the setting of Dot for Dot, which you can change in the View menu.

[Nota] Nota

Please keep in mind, that every Pixel of an image is stored in the memory. If you're creating large files with a high density of pixels, GIMP will need some time for every function you're applying to the image.

Portrait/Landscape buttons

These buttons toggle between Portrait and Landscape mode. Concretely, their effect is to exchange the values for Width and Height. If the X and Y resolutions are different (in Advanced Options), then these values are exchanged also. On the right, image size, image resolution and color space are displayed.

Advanced Options

Figura 14.69. The Advanced Options dialog

The “Advanced Options” dialog

These are options that will mainly be of interest to more advanced users.

X and Y resolution

These values come into play mainly in relation to printing: they do not affect the size of the image in pixels, but they determine its size on paper when printed. They can also affect the way the image is displayed on the monitor: if Dot for Dot is switched off in the View menu, then at 100% zoom, GIMP attempts to display the image on the monitor at the correct physical size, as calculated from the pixel dimensions and the resolution. The display may not be accurate, however, unless the monitor has been calibrated. This can be done either when GIMP is installed, or from the Display tab of the Preferences dialog.


You can create the new image as either an RGB image or a grayscale image. You cannot create an indexed image directly in this way, but of course nothing prevents you from converting the image to indexed mode after it has been created.


You have four choices for the solid color that will fill the new image's background layer:

  • Foreground color, as shown in the Main Toolbox.

  • Background color, as shown in the Main Toolbox.

  • White, the more often used.

  • Transparent. If this option is chosen, then the Background layer in the new image will be created with an alpha channel; otherwise not.


You can write a descriptive comment here. The text will be attached to the image as a parasite, and will be saved along with the image by some file formats (but not all of them).