Kapitel 2. Starting GIMP


1. Starthilfen
1.1. Changing the Language
1.2. Befehlszeilenparameter
1.3. Configuration Folders
1.4. Tips and Tricks

1. Starthilfen

Usually you start GIMP either by clicking GIMP's icon on your desktop (if available), selecting it from a menu, or by typing gimp on a command line. If you have multiple versions of GIMP installed, you may need to add the exact version number: gimp-2.99.

You can, if you want, provide a list of image file names on the command line after the program name so that GIMP automatically opens those files after it starts. It is also possible to open files from within GIMP once it is running using the Open Image Dialog.

Most operating systems support file associations, which associates a class of files (as determined by their filename extension, such as .jpg) with a corresponding application (such as GIMP). When image files are properly associated with GIMP, you can double click an image in your file browser to open it in GIMP.

If you installed the Flatpak version of GIMP from flathub.org, you start GIMP either by clicking an icon, or by typing flatpak run org.gimp.GIMP//stable on a command line.

1.1. Changing the Language

GIMP automatically detects and uses the system language. In the unlikely event that language detection fails, or if you want to use a different language, the easiest way is to change the language used in the Interface Preferences: EditPreferences, then go to the Interface section; Language can be set at the top.

If you prefer to change language by setting environment variables, you can use:

Unter Linux

In LINUX: in console mode, type LANGUAGE=en gimp or LANG=en gimp replacing en with fr, de, etc. according to the language you want. Background: Using LANGUAGE=en sets an environment variable for the executed program gimp.

Unter Windows

Control PanelSystemAdvancedEnvironment button in System Variables area: Add button: Enter LANG for Name and fr, de, etc. for Value. Watch out! You have to click OK three successive times to validate your choice.

If you change languages often, you can create a batch file to change the language. Open NotePad. Type the following commands (for French for instance):

set lang=fr
start gimp-2.99.exe

Save this file as GIMP-FR.BAT (or another name, but always with a .BAT extension). Create a shortcut and drag it to your desktop.

Unter Apple macOS

From System Settings, click General in the sidebar. Then select Language & Region. The desired language should be the first in the list.

Another GIMP Instance

You can use command line parameter -n to run multiple instances of GIMP. For example, gimp-2.99 starts GIMP in the default system language, and LANGUAGE=en gimp-2.99 -n starts another instance of GIMP in English. This can be very useful for translators.

1.2. Befehlszeilenparameter

Although command line arguments are not required when starting GIMP, they can be useful in certain situations. On a Unix system, you can use man gimp for a complete list.

These arguments must be added to the command line that you use to start GIMP as gimp-2.99 [OPTION...] [FILE|URI...], where OPTION... can be one or more of the arguments listed below, followed by one or more file names.

-?, ,-h, --help

Display a list of all command line options.


Alle Hilfeoptionen anzeigen.


Show all GEGL options.


GTK+-Optionen anzeigen.

-v, --version

Versionsinformationen anzeigen und Programm beenden.


Lizenzinformationen anzeigen und Programm beenden.


Detaillierte Meldungen auf der Konsole zeigen.

-n, --new-instance

Eine neue GIMP-Instanz starten.

-a, --as-new

Bilder als neu öffnen.

-i, --no-interface

Ohne Benutzeroberfläche starten.

-d, --no-data

Keine Muster, Gradienten, Farbpaletten oder Pinsel öffnen. Dies ist in nicht-interaktiven Umgebungen sinnvoll, um die Startzeit zu minimieren.

-f, --no-fonts

Keine Schriften laden. Das ist nützlich, um GIMP für Skripte, die keine Schriften benötigen, schneller zu laden, oder um Probleme zu lokalisieren, die mit korrupten Schriften zusammenhängen und GIMP einfrieren lassen.

-s, --no-splash

Keinen Startbildschirm zeigen.


Do not use shared memory between GIMP and plug-ins.


Keine speziellen Prozessorbeschleunigungen verwenden.


Use a different sessionrc file for this GIMP session. The given session name is appended to the default sessionrc filename.

-g, --gimprc=filename

Use an alternative gimprc file instead of the default one. The gimprc file contains a record of your preferences. Useful in cases where plug-in paths or machine specs may be different.


Use an alternate system gimprc file.

-b, --batch=commands

Execute the set of commands non-interactively. The set of commands is typically in the form of a script that can be executed by one of the GIMP scripting interpreters. When the command is -, commands are read from standard input.


Die Prozedur zum Abarbeiten von Befehlsabfolgen angeben. Die Voreinstellung ist Skript-Fu.


Quit immediately after performing requested actions

-c, --console-messages

Warnungen und Fehler im Terminal statt in einem Dialog ausgeben.


PDB-Kompatibilitätsmodus (off|on|warn).


Fehlersuche beim Absturz (never|query|always).


Aktiviert Fehlersuchroutinen für nicht-schwerwiegende Signale.


Alle Warnungen als kritisch einstufen. Nützlich bei der Fehlersuche.


Eine gimprc-Datei mit den Standardeinstellungen ausgeben.


Show a preferences page with experimental features.


Den angegebene X-Bildschirm verwenden (nicht auf allen Systeme verfügbar).

1.3. Configuration Folders

When first run, GIMP performs a series of steps to configure options and directories. The configuration process creates a user-writable configuration directory named GIMP, with a per-version subdirectory, i.e. GIMP/2.99. All of the configuration information is stored in this directory. If you remove or rename the directory, GIMP repeats the initial configuration process, creating a new GIMP/2.99 directory. You can use this capability to explore different configuration options without deleting your existing installation, or to recover if your configuration files are damaged.

Where your configuration folder will be stored, depends on your Operating System:

Unter Linux

$XDG_CONFIG_HOME (defaulting to $HOME/.config);

Unter Windows

%APPDATA% (usually c:\Users\USERNAME\AppData\Roaming\GIMP\2.99\);

Unter Apple macOS

NSApplicationSupportDirectory (usually ~/Library/Application Support).

1.4. Tips and Tricks

Just a couple of suggestions before you start:

  • GIMP can provide tips you can read at any time using the menu command HelpTip of the Day. The tips provide information that is considered useful, but not easy to learn by experimenting; so they are worth reading. Please consider reading the tips when you have the time.

  • If at some point you are trying to do something, and GIMP seems to have suddenly stopped functioning, the Getting Unstuck section may be able to help you out.

  • Don't forget to check out the Preferences Dialog. GIMP is very customizable. There are a lot of settings that you can adjust to your personal preferences.