2장. Starting GIMP

차례

1. 김프 실행하기
1.1. Changing the Language
1.2. 명령줄 인수
1.3. Configuration Folders
1.4. Tips and Tricks

1. 김프 실행하기

Usually you start GIMP either by clicking GIMP's icon on your desktop (if available), selecting it from a menu, or by typing gimp on a command line. If you have multiple versions of GIMP installed, you may need to add the exact version number: gimp-2.99.

You can, if you want, provide a list of image file names on the command line after the program name so that GIMP automatically opens those files after it starts. It is also possible to open files from within GIMP once it is running using the Open Image Dialog.

Most operating systems support file associations, which associates a class of files (as determined by their filename extension, such as .jpg) with a corresponding application (such as GIMP). When image files are properly associated with GIMP, you can double click an image in your file browser to open it in GIMP.

If you installed the Flatpak version of GIMP from flathub.org, you start GIMP either by clicking an icon, or by typing flatpak run org.gimp.GIMP//stable on a command line.

1.1. Changing the Language

GIMP automatically detects and uses the system language. In the unlikely event that language detection fails, or if you want to use a different language, the easiest way it to change the language used in the Interface Preferences: EditPreferences, then go to the Interface section; Language can be set at the top.

If you prefer to change language by setting environment variables, you can use:

리눅스(Linux) 환경

In LINUX: in console mode, type LANGUAGE=en gimp or LANG=en gimp replacing en with fr, de, etc. according to the language you want. Background: Using LANGUAGE=en sets an environment variable for the executed program gimp.

Under Windows

Control PanelSystemAdvancedEnvironment button in System Variables area: Add button: Enter LANG for Name and fr, de, etc. for Value. Watch out! You have to click OK three successive times to validate your choice.

If you change languages often, you can create a batch file to change the language. Open NotePad. Type the following commands (for French for instance):

set lang=fr
start gimp-2.99.exe

Save this file as GIMP-FR.BAT (or another name, but always with a .BAT extension). Create a shortcut and drag it to your desktop.

Under Apple macOS

From System Settings, click General in the sidebar. Then select Language & Region. The desired language should be the first in the list.

Another GIMP Instance

You can use command line parameter -n to run multiple instances of GIMP. For example, gimp-2.99 starts GIMP in the default system language, and LANGUAGE=en gimp-2.99 -n starts another instance of GIMP in English. This can be very useful for translators.

1.2. 명령줄 인수

Although command line arguments are not required when starting GIMP, they can be useful in certain situations. On a Unix system, you can use man gimp for a complete list.

These arguments must be added to the command line that you use to start GIMP as gimp-2.99 [OPTION...] [FILE|URI...], where OPTION... can be one or more of the arguments listed below, followed by one or more file names.

-?, ,-h, --help

Display a list of all command line options.

--help-all

모든 도움말 옵션을 보여줍니다.

--help-gegl

Show all GEGL options.

--help-gtk

GTK+ 옵션을 보여줍니다.

-v, --version

현재 사용중인 김프 버전을 보여준 뒤 종료합니다.

--license

사용 허가서 정보를 보여준 뒤 종료합니다.

--verbose

시작 메세지를 자세히 보여줍니다.

-n, --new-instance

새 인스턴스로 김프를 시작합니다.

-a, --as-new

새 이미지를 만듭니다.

-i, --no-interface

사용자 인터페이스 없이 실행합니다.

-d, --no-data

무늬, 그라디언트, 색상표, 붓 등을 읽어 들이지 않습니다. 비대화식 환경에서 시작 시간을 최소화할 때 유용합니다.

-f, --no-fonts

글꼴을 읽어오지 않습니다. 이 옵션은 글꼴을 사용하지 않는 스크립트를 사용하거나 문제가 있는 글꼴을 찾아내기 위해 김프를 시작할 때 유용합니다.

-s, --no-splash

시작시 스플래쉬 화면을 보이지 않습니다.

--no-shm

Do not use shared memory between GIMP and plug-ins.

--no-cpu-accel

특수한 CPU 가속 기능을 사용하지 않습니다. 문제가 많은 하드웨어 가속기나 기능을 찾아내거나 사용하지 않을 때 유용합니다.

--session=이름

Use a different sessionrc file for this GIMP session. The given session name is appended to the default sessionrc filename.

-g, --gimprc=filename

Use an alternative gimprc file instead of the default one. The gimprc file contains a record of your preferences. Useful in cases where plug-in paths or machine specs may be different.

--system-gimprc=파일명

Use an alternate system gimprc file.

-b, --batch=명령

Execute the set of commands non-interactively. The set of commands is typically in the form of a script that can be executed by one of the GIMP scripting interpreters. When the command is -, commands are read from standard input.

--batch-interpreter=proc

일괄처리 명령을 수행하기 위한 프로시저. 기본 프로시저는 Script-Fu 입니다.

--quit

Quit immediately after performing requested actions

-c, --console-messages

Do not display dialog boxes on errors or warnings. Print the messages on the console instead.

--pdb-compat-mode=mode

PDB 호환 모드 (off|on|warn)

--stack-trace-mode=mode

충돌시 디버그를 합니다. (never|query|always)

--debug-handlers

치명적이지 않은 디버깅 시그널 처리기를 사용합니다. 김프 디버깅 시에 유용합니다.

--g-fatal-warnings

Make all warnings fatal. Useful for debugging.

--dump-gimprc

기본 설정으로 gimprc 파일을 출력합니다. gimprc 파일을 결합할 때 유용합니다.

--show-playground

Show a preferences page with experimental features.

--display=display

X-윈도우 스타일을 사용합니다(Microsoft Windows에서는 사용불가).

1.3. Configuration Folders

When first run, GIMP performs a series of steps to configure options and directories. The configuration process creates a user-writable configuration directory named GIMP, with a per-version subdirectory, i.e. GIMP/2.99. All of the configuration information is stored in this directory. If you remove or rename the directory, GIMP repeats the initial configuration process, creating a new GIMP/2.99 directory. You can use this capability to explore different configuration options without deleting your existing installation, or to recover if your configuration files are damaged.

Where your configuration folder will be stored, depends on your Operating System:

리눅스(Linux) 환경

$XDG_CONFIG_HOME (defaulting to $HOME/.config);

Under Windows

%APPDATA% (usually c:\Users\USERNAME\AppData\Roaming\GIMP\2.99\);

Under Apple macOS

NSApplicationSupportDirectory (usually ~/Library/Application Support).

1.4. Tips and Tricks

Just a couple of suggestions before you start:

  • GIMP can provide tips you can read at any time using the menu command HelpTip of the Day. The tips provide information that is considered useful, but not easy to learn by experimenting; so they are worth reading. Please consider reading the tips when you have the time.

  • If at some point you are trying to do something, and GIMP seems to have suddenly stopped functioning, the Getting Unstuck section may be able to help you out.

  • Don't forget to check out the Preferences Dialog. GIMP is very customizable. There are a lot of settings that you can adjust to your personal preferences.