Capítulo 2. Starting GIMP

Tabla de contenidos

1. Ejecución de GIMP
1.1. Changing the Language
1.2. Argumentos de la línea de comandos
1.3. Configuration Folders
1.4. Tips and Tricks

1. Ejecución de GIMP

Usually you start GIMP either by clicking GIMP's icon on your desktop (if available), selecting it from a menu, or by typing gimp on a command line. If you have multiple versions of GIMP installed, you may need to add the exact version number: gimp-2.99.

You can, if you want, provide a list of image file names on the command line after the program name so that GIMP automatically opens those files after it starts. It is also possible to open files from within GIMP once it is running using the Open Image Dialog.

Most operating systems support file associations, which associates a class of files (as determined by their filename extension, such as .jpg) with a corresponding application (such as GIMP). When image files are properly associated with GIMP, you can double click an image in your file browser to open it in GIMP.

If you installed the Flatpak version of GIMP from, you start GIMP either by clicking an icon, or by typing flatpak run org.gimp.GIMP//stable on a command line.

1.1. Changing the Language

GIMP automatically detects and uses the system language. In the unlikely event that language detection fails, or if you want to use a different language, the easiest way is to change the language used in the Interface Preferences: EditPreferences, then go to the Interface section; Language can be set at the top.

If you prefer to change language by setting environment variables, you can use:

En Linux

In LINUX: in console mode, type LANGUAGE=en gimp or LANG=en gimp replacing en with fr, de, etc. according to the language you want. Background: Using LANGUAGE=en sets an environment variable for the executed program gimp.

En Windows

Control PanelSystemAdvancedEnvironment button in System Variables area: Add button: Enter LANG for Name and fr, de, etc. for Value. Watch out! You have to click OK three successive times to validate your choice.

If you change languages often, you can create a batch file to change the language. Open NotePad. Type the following commands (for French for instance):

set lang=fr
start gimp-2.99.exe

Save this file as GIMP-FR.BAT (or another name, but always with a .BAT extension). Create a shortcut and drag it to your desktop.

En Apple macOS

From System Settings, click General in the sidebar. Then select Language & Region. The desired language should be the first in the list.

Another GIMP Instance

You can use command line parameter -n to run multiple instances of GIMP. For example, gimp-2.99 starts GIMP in the default system language, and LANGUAGE=en gimp-2.99 -n starts another instance of GIMP in English. This can be very useful for translators.

1.2. Argumentos de la línea de comandos

Although command line arguments are not required when starting GIMP, they can be useful in certain situations. On a Unix system, you can use man gimp for a complete list.

These arguments must be added to the command line that you use to start GIMP as gimp-2.99 [OPTION...] [FILE|URI...], where OPTION... can be one or more of the arguments listed below, followed by one or more file names.

-?, ,-h, --help

Display a list of all command line options.


Muestra todas las opciones de ayuda.


Show all GEGL options.


Muestra las opciones de GTK+.

-v, --version

Imprime la versión de GIMP y sale.


Muestra la información sobre la licencia y sale.


Muestra mensajes detallados del inicio.

-n, --new-instance

Arranca una nueva instancia de GIMP.

-a, --as-new

Abrir imágenes como nuevas.

-i, --no-interface

Ejecutar sin una interfaz de usuario.

-d, --no-data

No carga patrones, degradados, paletas, ni pinceles. A menudo es útil cuando se quiere minimizar el tiempo de inicio, en situaciones de uso no interactivo.

-f, --no-fonts

No carga ninguna tipografía. Es útil para cargar GIMP más rápido cuando se utilizan guiones que no requieren tipografías o para encontrar problemas relacionados tipografías que cuelgan GIMP.

-s, --no-splash

No muestra la pantalla de inicio al lanzarse.


Do not use shared memory between GIMP and plug-ins.


No se utilizan las funciones especiales de aceleración de la CPU. Útil para encontrar o deshabilitar problemas en el hadware o las funciones de la aceleración.


Use a different sessionrc file for this GIMP session. The given session name is appended to the default sessionrc filename.

-g, --gimprc=filename

Use an alternative gimprc file instead of the default one. The gimprc file contains a record of your preferences. Useful in cases where plug-in paths or machine specs may be different.

--system-gimprc=nombre de archivo

Use an alternate system gimprc file.

-b, --batch=comandos

Execute the set of commands non-interactively. The set of commands is typically in the form of a script that can be executed by one of the GIMP scripting interpreters. When the command is -, commands are read from standard input.


Especifica el procedimiento que usar para procesar los comandos de procesamiento por lotes. El procedimiento predefinido es Script-Fu.


Quit immediately after performing requested actions

-c, --console-messages

No mostrar cuadros de diálogo sobre errores o advertencias. En cambio, estos mensajes se imprimen en la consola.


Modo de compatibilidad PDB (off|on|warn)


Depurar en caso de bloqueo (never|query|always).


Activar la depuración de señales no fatales. Útil para depurar GIMP.


Hace que todos los avisos sean fatales. Útil para depurar.


Generar un archivo «gimprc» con valores predefinidos. Útil para renovar el archivo «gimprc».


Show a preferences page with experimental features.


Usa la pantalla X especificada (esta opción no se aplica en todas las plataformas).

1.3. Configuration Folders

When first run, GIMP performs a series of steps to configure options and directories. The configuration process creates a user-writable configuration directory named GIMP, with a per-version subdirectory, i.e. GIMP/2.99. All of the configuration information is stored in this directory. If you remove or rename the directory, GIMP repeats the initial configuration process, creating a new GIMP/2.99 directory. You can use this capability to explore different configuration options without deleting your existing installation, or to recover if your configuration files are damaged.

Where your configuration folder will be stored, depends on your Operating System:

En Linux

$XDG_CONFIG_HOME (defaulting to $HOME/.config);

En Windows

%APPDATA% (usually c:\Users\USERNAME\AppData\Roaming\GIMP\2.99\);

En Apple macOS

NSApplicationSupportDirectory (usually ~/Library/Application Support).

1.4. Tips and Tricks

Just a couple of suggestions before you start:

  • GIMP can provide tips you can read at any time using the menu command HelpTip of the Day. The tips provide information that is considered useful, but not easy to learn by experimenting; so they are worth reading. Please consider reading the tips when you have the time.

  • If at some point you are trying to do something, and GIMP seems to have suddenly stopped functioning, the Getting Unstuck section may be able to help you out.

  • Don't forget to check out the Preferences Dialog. GIMP is very customizable. There are a lot of settings that you can adjust to your personal preferences.