Глава 1. Введение


1. Добро пожаловать в GIMP
1.1. Авторы
1.2. Справочная система GIMP
1.3. Возможности и функции
2. What's new in GIMP

1. Добро пожаловать в GIMP

GIMP is a multi-platform tool to create and edit images of all kinds. GIMP is an acronym for GNU Image Manipulation Program.

GIMP has many capabilities. It can be used as a simple paint program, an expert quality photo retouching program, a tool to create digital art, an online batch processing system, a mass production image renderer, an image format converter, etc.

GIMP спроектирован расширяемым при помощи дополнений, реализующих любые возможные функции. Передовой интерфейс для программирования позволяет легко автоматизировать выполнение любых задач любого уровня.

One of GIMP's strengths is its free availability from many sources for many operating systems. Most GNU / Linux distributions include GIMP as a standard application. GIMP is also available for other operating systems such as Microsoft Windows™ or Apple's macOS™ (Darwin). GIMP is a Free Software application covered by the General Public License version 3 [GPL]. The GPL provides users with the freedom to access and alter the source code that makes up computer programs.

1.1. Авторы

The first version of GIMP was written by Peter Mattis and Spencer Kimball. Over the years many other people have contributed by helping with development, testing, providing support, translating and writing documentation. GIMP releases are currently being orchestrated by Mitch Natterer and Jehan Pagès and the other members of the GIMP-Team.

1.2. Справочная система GIMP

The GIMP Documentation Team provides the information that tries to help you understand how to use GIMP. The User Manual is an important part of this help. The latest version is always available on the website of the Documentation Team [GIMP-DOCS] in HTML format. The HTML version is also available as context sensitive help (needs to be installed separately) while using GIMP by pressing the F1 key. Help on specific menu items can be accessed by pressing the F1 key while the mouse pointer is focused on the menu item. Read on to begin your GIMP journey.

1.3. Возможности и функции

Ниже приводится краткий обзор возможностей и функций GIMP.

  • Полный набор инструментов, включая кисти, карандаш, распылитель, штамп и т.д.

  • Tile-based memory management, so image size is limited only by available disk space.

  • Sub-pixel sampling for all paint tools for high-quality anti-aliasing.

  • Full Alpha channel support for working with transparency.

  • Layers and channels.

  • A procedural database for calling internal GIMP functions from external programs, such as Script-Fu.

  • Advanced scripting capabilities.

  • Multiple undo/redo (limited only by disk space).

  • Transformation tools including rotate, scale, shear and flip.

  • Support for a wide range of file formats, including JPEG, PNG, GIF, PSD, DDS, XPM, TIFF, TGA, MPEG, PS, PDF, PCX, BMP and many others.

  • Selection tools, including rectangle, ellipse, free, fuzzy, bezier and intelligent scissors.

  • Дополнения, позволяющие легко добавлять поддержку новых форматов и фильтров.