8.5. Hue-Saturation

The Hue-Saturation command is used to adjust hue, saturation and lightness levels on a range of color weights for the selected area or active layer.

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This command does not work on Grayscale images. If the image is Grayscale, the menu entry is disabled.

8.5.1. Activating the Command

You can access this command from the main menu through ColorsHue-Saturation….

8.5.2. Options

16.132. ábra - Hue-Saturation Options

Hue-Saturation Options


Presets are a common feature for several Colors commands. You can find its description in 8.1.1. szakasz - Colors Common Features.

Select Primary Color to Adjust

You can choose to adjust any of six colors: the three primary colors (Red, Green and Blue) and the three complementary colors (Cyan, Magenta and Yellow). They are arranged according to the color circle. When hue increases, hue goes counter-clockwise. When it decreases, it goes clockwise. If you click the Master button, changes you make affect all colors. GIMP default is to set Red as 0. Note that these colors refer to color ranges and not to color channels.

Hue changes are shown in color swatches and the result is visible in the image if the Preview option is enabled.


This slider lets you set how much color ranges overlap. This effect is very subtle and works on closely-related colors only:

16.133. ábra - Example for the Overlap option

Example for the Overlap option

Original image. From the left to the right: a reddish yellow (255;240;0); a pure yellow (255;255;0); a greenish yellow (240;255;0).

Example for the Overlap option

Overlap = 0. Hue = 15. Colors become (186;255;1), (168;255;1), (156;255;1).

Example for the Overlap option

Overlap = 100. Hue = 15. Colors become (192;255;1), (168;255;1), (162;255;1). Because of overlap, greenish is less green and reddish is less red.

Adjust Selected Color
  • Hue: The slider and the input box allow you to select a hue in the color circle (-180, 180).

  • Lightness: The slider and the input box allow you to select a value (luminosity): -100, 100.

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    Lightness changes here concern a color range, while they concern a color tone with Curves and Levels tools, which work on color channels. If you change the Yellow lightness with Hue-Saturation, all yellow pixels will be changed, while only dark, bright or medium pixels luminosity will be changed with Curves or Levels tools.

  • Saturation: The slider and the input box allow you to select a saturation: -100, 100.

The Reset Color button resets the changes you made to the hue, lightness and saturation of the selected color.

Blending Options, Preview and Split view

These are common features described in 8.1.1. szakasz - Colors Common Features.